Heat Stroke Risk for Open-Water Swimmers DuringLong-Distance Events

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Open-water swimming is a rapidly growing sport discipline worldwide, and clinical problemsassociated with long-distance swimming are now better recognized and managed more effectively.The most prevalent medical risk associated with an open-water swimming event is hypothermia;therefore, the Federation Internationale De Natation (FINA) has instituted 2 rules to reduce thisoccurrence related to the minimum water temperature and the time taken to complete the race. Anothermedical risk that is relevant to open-water swimmers is heat stroke, a condition that can easily gounnoticed. The purpose of this review is to shed light on this physiological phenomenon by examiningthe physiological response of swimmers during long-distance events, to define a maximum watertemperature limit for competitions. We conclude that competing in water temperatures exceeding 331Cshould be avoided
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-365
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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