Head, chest and femur injury in teenage pedestrian–SUV crash; mass influence on the speeds

Salvatore Golfo, Gabriele Virzi' Mariotti, Vincenzo Naso, Filippo Carollo, Filippo Carollo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This work studies the teenage pedestrian–sport utility vehicle (SUV) crash; injury to the vital parts of the body, such as the head and chest, and to the femur is evaluated. More advanced injury criteria are applied, as provided in the rules. The multibody technique is applied by making use of SimWise software and of the teenager anthropomorphic model, the use of which is now consolidated. Head injury criterion (HIC) is used for the head, thoracic trauma index (TTI) criterion for the thorax in the case of side impact and 3 ms criterion in the case of frontal impact, while the force criterion is used for the femur. Both the TTI and femur load evaluation require non-substantial modifications of the dummy, by insertion of sensors for the measurement of the acceleration of the 4th rib and the 12th vertebra and two very thinplates at the knees for the correct individuation of the contact point with the vehicle bumper. Particular attention is paid to the front shape of the vehicle, concluding that the SUV examined in this paper is less dangerous than the sedan studied in a previous work, since its frontal dimensions (bonnet angle, bumper height and bonnet height) are more advantageous. However the teenage pedestrian in a lateral position is less prone to injuries in the head and chest, with respect to the frontal position; the pedestrian’s position has little influence on femur damage. Furthermore, the braking of the vehicle reduces the possibility of crash fatality. In conclusion, a theoretical approach is shown, to highlight the influence of the vehicle mass on the pedestrian speed after the impact.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-809
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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