Halloysite nanotubes/pluronic nanocomposites for waterlogged archeological wood: thermal stability and X-ray microtomography

Giuseppe Lazzara, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Stefana Milioto, Filippo Parisi, Federico Bernardini, Filippo Parisi, Stefana Milioto, Giuseppe Cavallaro, David Prokop, Giuseppe Lazzara, Lucia Mancini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Filling a polymer with halloysite nanotubes is considered a promising strategy to generate nanocomposites with tailored physicochemical properties. We have focused our attention on pluronic block copolymer/halloysite nanocomposites prepared by melt blending. The effect of composition on thermal stability and polymer crystallinity was investigated by thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry. Electron microscopy was used to monitor the nanoparticle distribution in the polymeric matrix. The pluronic thermal stability is reduced by the clay nanoparticles. Concerning the polymer crystallinity, it is slightly decreased even if the melting temperature is lowered by halloysite. Furthermore, waterlogged archeological wood samples are consolidated using the nanotubes/pluronic nanocomposite, and the penetration of the nanocomposites into the lignin channels is confirmed by measurements based on X-ray computed microtomography.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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