Halloysite nanotube (HNT) is an emerging biocompatible material with appealing perspective for technological applications, such as in catalysis1 and in pharmaceutical research.2Halloysite is a double-layered aluminosilicate mineral that has a predominantly hollow tubular structure. The functionalization of HNTs is a good strategy to introduce an organic moiety onto the external surface and, therefore, to obtain innovative catalyst supports.3We have modified the external surface of halloysite nanotube with octylimidazolium moieties (HNT-IL) by microwave irradiation in solvent-free conditions and we have have employed this material as support catalyst of Pd nanoparticles. The new HNT/Pd catalyst was used as catalyst in the Suzuki reaction under microwave irradiation. A set of solvents, times and bases was screened and the best experimental conditions were obtained when the reactions were carried out for 10 minutes in water/ethanol at 120 °C in presence of K2CO3 as base. Good recyclability was observed. The new catalytic system was employed both in 1 mol% or 0.1 mol%. The palladium catalyst displays good activity allowing the synthesis of several biphenyl compounds in high yields working with only 0.1 mol% of palladium loading.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|