Glycated albumin is correlated to insulin resistance and β-cell secretory function in subjects at risk for developing diabetes

Luisa Agnello, Bruna Lo Sasso, Chiara Bellia, Giuseppe Pizzolanti, Marcello Ciaccio, Giulia Bivona, Chiara Cosma, Marcello Ciaccio, Patrizia Altavilla, Mario Plebani, Giuseppe Pizzolanti, Martina Zaninotto, Sergio Bernardini

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Abstract

Insulin resistance and β-cell secretory function represent two main issues in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetesmellitus (T2DM). Conflicting results have been obtained about the association between glycated albumin (GA) andbody mass index (BMI), insulin resistance and β-cell function in diabetic patients. Actually, the relationship (if any)between GA and the markers of glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance in subjects at risk of developing diabetes,has not been completely elucidated yet. Two hundred and one patients undergoing to oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT) were enrolled in the study. Routine laboratory tests, including fasting insulin, were performed at enrollment.GA was measured on plasma-EDTA by quantILab® Glycated Albumin (Instrumentation Laboratory, A Werfen Company)on ILab Taurus analyzer. According to the plasma glucose concentration measured after 2 hours of glucose intake (2h-PG), 13 subjects (6.4%) were classified as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). GA weakly correlated with fasting plasmaglucose (FPG) (r=0.21; P=0.002), with HbA1c (r=0.16; P=0.024) but not with 2h-PG (P=0.7). GA, but not HbA1c, wasnegatively correlated to HOmeostasis Model Assessment for β cell fuction (HOMA-β) (r2=0.23; P<0.001), to HOMA forinsulin resistence (HOMA-IR) (r2=0.15; P<0.0001) and to BMI (r2=0.05; P=0.001). In a stepwise multivariateregression analysis including HbA1c, HOMA-β, plasma albumin, BMI, eGFR, age, FPG, and HOMA-IR as predictorsof GA, only HbA1c (β-coefficient: 0.04; P=0.038) and HOMA-β (β-coefficient: -0.01; P<0.0001) were able to predictGA levels (r2=0.26; P<0.001 for the model). Our results demonstrated that GA was associated to HOMA-β and, to alesser extent, to HOMA-IR and BMI. The increase of GA values can be explained by the reduction of β-cell secretoryfunction in subjects with no significant increase of FPG and 2h-PG.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-239
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimica Clinica
Volume42
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Biochemistry, medical

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