Giovani devianti, desistenza dal crimine, riflessività: note su una ricerca

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

[automatically translated] The research is presented in the paper focuses on the phenomenon of desisting from crime by young offenders in some Sicilian cities, highlighting how comes into play the dimension of individual reflexivity, in the context of their relationships with social workers who deal their legal proceedings. That the withdrawal is not such a rare phenomenon, as is sometimes believed, but actually quite frequent, as documented by the socio-criminological research, especially one that operates in the developmental life-course criminology, an interdisciplinary study that address the central theme deviant and criminal phenomena in dynamic key, framing that is in the life paths of individuals. The social sciences, in fact, have invested their efforts, producing a considerable amount of study and research, to formulate answers mostly on two main questions: how to become deviant? because you deviate? Study the withdrawal becomes equally important, since it can offer new and interesting elements, as well as purely cognitive, even in the Mass view of appropriate prevention and control policy point. The life paths of individuals are divided into trajectories, variously intersected, stopped, moved or initiated by events, desired or suffered, whether expected or unexpected, against which individuals, caught in relational connections in the various institutional or informal settings, are urged to implement actions and coping strategies. An element that plays a key role in these processes is the reflexivity, understood as the human capacity to develop an "internal conversation" (M. Archer) that, through a matching between the input of the context of life and "thoughtfulness breaking" of the subject, and enables it to formulate and continuously adapt its own modus vivendi and so tackle the key events and turning points is the right course of life both those of significant others. The research, in continuity with the first empirical study took place in 2010, thus investigates the ways in which, in the paths of young desistenti selected in collaboration with some for Minors (Ministry of Justice Social Services Offices) of Sicily, there is evidence of restoration or enhancement of individual reflexivity that supports and substantiates the choice to desist from crime and engage in the construction or enhancement of social capital. One of the search key data, which also refer to consolidated results in the international literature, it concerns the importance of informal social control exercised by good romantic relationships and good jobs. But it is not only the work as a legitimate tool to achieve an income representing the incentive for choosing to desist: it is rather the relational reality of work, being socially recognized and acknowledged in a membership, the gratification that comes from 'be and feel autonomous. A specific of this survey as regards instead the enhanced role of social workers and services that have guided and supported the life paths of young desistenti: here emerges as a central element, reflexivity, both aid workers of the services as a whole, in modulating the actions aiming at enhancing the reflexivity of their users. This translates into a very special care of the relationship with the young by the operator, who acts a role that distances from didactic settings, from the standardized repetition of techniques and consolidated actions of helping professions, by the imposition of behaviors comply in exchange for benefits in criminal proceedings: those studied in the research are operator and reflexive in the sense
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationGiovani e Mezzogiorno
Pages393-403
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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