Generation of minimum-energy entangled states

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Abstract

Quantum technologies exploiting bipartite entanglement could be made more efficient by using states having the minimum amount of energy for a given entanglement degree. Here, we study how to generate these states in the case of a bipartite system of arbitrary finite dimension either by applying a unitary transformation to its ground state or through a zero-temperature thermalization protocol based on turning on and off a suitable interaction term between the subsystems. In particular, we explicitly identify three possible unitary operators and five possible interaction terms. On one hand, two of the three unitary transformations turn out to be easily decomposable in terms of local elementary operations and a single nonlocal one, making their implementation easier. On the other hand, since the thermalization procedures can be easily adapted to generate many different states, we numerically show that, for each degree of entanglement, generating minimum-energy entangled states costs, in general, less than generating the vast majority of the other states.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume103
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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