Lucia Parisi, Davide Testa, Margherita Salerno, Giuseppe Quatrosi, Renquan Zhang, Chen Lu, Zaicheng Yu, Annabella Di Folco, Tiziana Nuara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Functional non-retentive fecal soiling (FNRFS), or encopresis without constipation, is a common problem inpediatric age. FNRFS is associated with high levels of distress for both children and parents and with emotional disorders in about30%-50% of affected children. This study aimed to evaluate stressors on a sample of children with FNRFS comparing to a group oftypical devolpment children (TDC).Methods:154 subjects participated in the study: 56 FNRFS children (37 males; mean age 10.87 years ± 1.68); 98 TDC (65males; mean age 11.3 years ± 1.85). All participants were evaluated for the presence of stressful events (LCU) using the CoddingtonLife Events Scales (CLES).Results: Both groups were similar for age (p = 0.155), and gender (p = 0.885).Children with FNRFS do not show a significant difference in the prevalence of stressful events than the control group (35.85%vs. 30.83%; CI95% -9.9363% to 20.5490%; Chi-square = 0.402; p = 0, 0.5258).Conclusions: These data suggest that FNRFS is a condition independent of stress factors. In fact, it itself represents a stressfactor that can negatively influence the correct psychological and neuropsychological development in children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2063-2067
Number of pages5
JournalActa Medica Mediterranea
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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