Four-Component Relativistic DFT Calculations of (13) C Chemical Shifts of Halogenated Natural Substances

Girolamo Casella, Stanislav Komorovsky, Michal Repisky, Giacomo Saielli, Alessandro Bagno, Girolamo Casella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


We have calculated the (13) C NMR chemical shifts of a large ensemble of halogenated organic molecules (81 molecules for a total of 250 experimental (13) C NMR data at four different levels of theory), ranging from small rigid organic compounds, used to benchmark the performance of various levels of theory, to natural substances of marine origin with conformational degrees of freedom. Carbon atoms bonded to heavy halogen atoms, particularly bromine and iodine, are known to be rather challenging when it comes to the prediction of their chemical shifts by quantum methods, due to relativistic effects. In this paper, we have applied the state-of-the-art four-component relativistic density functional theory for the prediction of such NMR properties and compared the performance with two-component and nonrelativistic methods. Our results highlight the necessity to include relativistic corrections within a four-component description for the most accurate prediction of the NMR properties of halogenated organic substances.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18834-18840
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


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