FITNESS IN PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

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Abstract

Physical inactivity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, andpersons who are less active and less fit have a 30% to 50% greater risk for highblood pressure and others metabolic diseases. The objective of this study was toimprove the cardio-respiratory fitness, and to reduce body weight in an obese,hypertensive and sedentary man (Metabolic Syndrome Case Report). Theanthropometrics and physiological characteristics were recorded before, duringand after the experimentation. The subject performed a specific fitness programfor eleven months (70 sessions). The results showed a significant reduction ofBody Mass (p<0.001). Moreover the resting blood pressure recorded at the end ofthe experimentation was significantly lower (p<0.05) than initial. The Fat Massshowed a significant reduction and the Fat Free Mass (Lean) showed a significantimprovement. At the end of the training period the subject changed his status fromobese man to overweight man; His blood pressure returned slowly to normalphysiological values according with the recent literature. In conclusion, accordingwith the recent literature we can suppose that physical activity can give areasonable contribute to prevent and to treat the metabolic syndrome. Morestudies are necessary to indentify which type of physical activity: the specificintensity and length of each exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-75
Number of pages11
JournalRIVISTA DELLA FACOLTÀ DI SCIENZE MOTORIE DELL'UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI PALERMO
VolumeII
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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