Vascular calcification has been recently associated to an increased cardiovascular risk and mortality. In few studies, Fetuin-A showed an association to coronary artery calcification (CAC), although the physiopathological mechanism underlying this association has not been fully established yet. Seventy-four patients with one or more cardiovascular risk factor and asymptomatic for coronary vasculopathy were included in the study. CAC was evaluated by Agatston score. Serum Fetuin-A levels were determined by ELISA. Molecular analysis of AHSG T256S gene variant (rs4918) was performed by PCR–RFLP. Serum Fetuin-A was correlated to serum calcium (r = 0,321; P = 0,018), but not to serum phosphorous. Multivariate linear regression analysis confirmed this association and showed that calcium and AHSG genotype were independent predictors of Fetuin-A (P = 0.037, P = 0.014, respectively). In particular, subjects carrying the SS genotype had lower levels of Fetuin-A and calcium (P = 0.037 and P = 0.038, respectively). When we compare subjects with CAC 0–10 with subjects with CAC > 10, we found that only age and male gender (P < 0.001, P = 0.035, respectively), but not Fetuin-A, were associated to CAC. Fetuin-A is not associated to CAC in subjects with low cardiovascular risk profile and asymptomatic for coronary vasculopathy, suggesting that in this setting Fetuin-A, although correlated to serum levels of calcium, could be not involved in mineral deposition on coronary vessels.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology