Feste e simboli rituali

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[automatically translated] The representations of time and space in variously declined by homo history religiosus reflect and exhibit particularly clearly - as well as beliefs, myths, in the organization of social systems, etc.. - In ceremonies that substantiate the traditional religious festivals, both at the level of their calendrical organization as that of the articulation of the specific process rituals and their symbolic contents. The parties, in fact, act in time and space defined by a disjoint side, connoting perimetrando and ritually, thus meaning, abstract segments from the space-time continuum, the other reaffirm the meaning and existential rhythms periodically exhibiting the continuity of cosmic and social life and proposing un'irrinunziabile image - slightly or ideal - being-in the world and society. In the reality of archaic societies, ancient and traditional, marked by precariousness, the main reason for permanent anguish was the uncertainty of the persistence / return time, that is the same human, animal and plant. Following their own procedures of religious thought, to secure and ensure that the space-time continue to be there, it was therefore necessary on the one hand simulate ritually and symbolically - that is for the really religiosus homo -, repeating, his death and his rebirth secondly reiterate, in particular through offertorie procedures, the absolute dependence of the order of the cosmos and of life from the divine will. Therefore there is none there may be no festive ritual calendrical character that is not related to specific deadlines of production processes and does not contain moments offertories the gods / saints: whether corporal character (pilgrimages, floggings, races, fights, gymnastic trials etc.), food (sacrifices, orgies, banquets, etc.), equity (dations of jewelry, money, etc.). As the ritual translations persists today of this ancient belief system emerges clearly in the "traditional folk festivals", particularly in those related to seasonal cycles and the main deadlines of the agricultural and pastoral calendar: the equinoxes and solstices, seeding, spear and harvesting of the crops, the grape and wine fermentation, transhumance, shearing, calving herds, etc. So it can be said for Sicily. Looking, in fact, the organization of space and time and the symbolic content (actions, words, material elements, etc.) Of the festivities that mark the time of the island communities, with greater evidence today of those internal and peripheral areas, it can be observed as the main ritual events are connected to the maturities of traditional agro-pastoral ergologici cycles and are substantiated by symbolic references to the relevant forms of production.
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationLingue e culture in Sicilia, vol. II
Number of pages54
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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