Fatty acid composition of the seed lipids of Chamaerops humilis L. natural populations and its relation with the environment

Gianniantonio Domina, Pasquale Marino, Sergio Saia, Saia, Giovino, Rizza, Paolo Rapisarda

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seed lipids composition is a tool to discriminate among plant taxa and is related to phylogeny and biogeographic distribution.Aim of the present study was to evaluate the fatty acid (FA) composition of the seed lipids from nine natural Chamaeropshumilis L. population and its relation with the climatic traits of the collection sites. The average seed lipids content was54.8 g kg21 and the most represented FAs were oleic (478 g kg21 oil) and linoleic (230 g kg21 oil), with significant differencesamong the accessions. Most of the lipid traits significantly correlated with climatic traits. In particular, oleic acid negativelycorrelated with year potential evapotranspiration. These relations could emerge from a genotypic adaptation to theenvironment. The seed of C. humilis showed high content of lipids, which implies an importance of the species for feedingwild life during winter, and a high degree of unsaturation. Considering the importance of the unsaturated FAs in human andanimal nutrition, the present results suggest that European fan palm could be introduced in breeding programmes and itsseed extract used as FA in diet supplementation. Further studies are needed to identify the content of anti-nutritional ornutraceutical compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-776
Number of pages10
JournalPLANT BIOSYSTEMS
Volume149
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

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