Factors associated with reporting adverse reactions after immunization, study in a sample of university students

Alberto Firenze, Omar Enzo Santangelo, Daniele Domenico Raia, Sandro Provenzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction. On the day of a workshop (named "Vaccino Day") on vaccinations, organized for the students of the University of Palermo by the ERSU (Regional Office for the Right to University Study), the sample of students were given a questionnaire to fill out. The aim of the survey was to investigate the perception of vaccinations on a sample population made up of university students. Materials and Methods. A self-administered paper questionnaire was given to participants of the workshop. The questionnaire is divided into 3 parts: demographic, economic and habits informations have been asked in the first part in the second part, they had to answer the question: "What term do you associate with vaccination?" in the third part, they were posed the question: "Have you ever had any adverse reactions after being vaccinated?". Therefore, the percentage response frequencies and the statistically significant Odds-Ratio (aOR) are presented with a corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA® 14 software. Results. A total of 350 students were asked to participate and the response rate was 100%, the 61.43% of the interviewed population was made up of females. Taking into account the dependent variable: "at least a moderate-severe adverse reaction after a vaccination" the statistically significant independent variables associated are "Have fear of side effects" (aOR 7.06, 95% CI 1.73-28.57, p=0.006), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Needles/syringes" (aOR 3.82, 95% CI 1.08-13.48, p=0.037), "I associate the term "vaccination" to Protection" (aOR 3.50, 95% CI 1.02-11.98, p=0.046). Discussions and Conclusions. Vaccination is still influenced by emotional factors and lack of campaigns providing adequate information, therefore negative judgement tend to outweigh the real risks and benefits. Considering that the sample was composed of university students, being highly educated and capable of becoming opinion leaders in the future, there is a need to create a more efficient communication protocol that make the student, and then the citizen, better aware of the actual risks associated with vaccinations and their real benefits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-442
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors associated with reporting adverse reactions after immunization, study in a sample of university students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this