Facilitators and barriers HPV unvaccinated girls after 5 years of program implementation

Alberto Firenze, Vincenzo Restivo, Maria Grazia Laura Marsala, Marianna Maranto, Valentina Bonanno

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20 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding perceptions and characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinated and non-vaccinated girls can inform communication activities and vaccine delivery strategies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate knowledge and factors associated with HPV unvaccinated girls after five years of vaccination program implementation in Sicily, an Italian region with low vaccination coverage (<50.0%). A cross-sectional study was conducted through a questionnaire designed to assess knowledge and vaccination status of girls of 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 birth cohorts. The sample consisted of 350 girls who attended three high schools. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine predictors of vaccine refusal. The survey sample of girls shows that the 43.1% were HPV unvaccinated. A significant increased risk of being unvaccinated originated from the belief that the vaccine was too new (AdjOR = 21.08, CI95% = 2.57-172.97) and that it may cause cervical cancer (AdjOR = 4.36, CI95% = 1.26-15.07), along with having friends as a source of information on the vaccine (AdjOR = 3.67, CI95% = 1.63-8.25). A significant inverse association was observed between being unvaccinated and having Pediatrician/General practitioner as a source of information on HPV vaccine (AdjOR = 0.40, CI95% = 0.24-0.68). Many girls lack the fundamental knowledge about the HPV vaccine. The key issue is the promotion and implementation of information programs to raise awareness of girls on the importance of the vaccine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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