Fabrication of elastomeric scaffolds with curvilinear fibrous structures for heart valve leaflet engineering

Antonio D'Amore, Antonio D'Amore, Rouzbeh Amini, Yi Hong, Christopher M. Hobson, William R. Wagner, Ethan Ungchusri, Nicholas J. Amoroso, Michael S. Sacks

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Native semi-lunar heart valves are composed of a dense fibrous network that generally follows a curvilinear path along the width of the leaflet. Recent models of engineered valve leaflets have predicted that such curvilinear fiber orientations would homogenize the strain field and reduce stress concentrations at the commissure. In the present work, a method was developed to reproduce this curvilinear fiber alignment in electrospun scaffolds by varying the geometry of the collecting mandrel. Elastomeric poly(ester urethane)urea was electrospun onto rotating conical mandrels of varying angles to produce fibrous scaffolds where the angle of fiber alignment varied linearly over scaffold length. By matching the radius of the conical mandrel to the radius of curvature for the native pulmonary valve, the electrospun constructs exhibited a curvilinear fiber structure similar to the native leaflet. Moreover, the constructs had local mechanical properties comparable to conventional scaffolds and native heart valves. In agreement with prior modeling results, it was found under quasi-static loading that curvilinear fiber microstructures reduced strain concentrations compared to scaffolds generated on a conventional cylindrical mandrels. Thus, this simple technique offers an attractive means for fabricating scaffolds where key microstructural features of the native leaflet are imitated for heart valve tissue engineering.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3101-3106
    Number of pages6
    JournalJOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH. PART A
    Volume103
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Biomaterials
    • Biomedical Engineering
    • Metals and Alloys

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