Experimental study on triangular central baffle flume

Vito Ferro, Bijankhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper the results of the experiments performed to study the flow through a Triangular Central Baffle Flume (TCBF) are reported. The investigated flume consists of a triangular baffle of the apex angle of 75° with a given base width. The theoretical stage-discharge formula was deduced by applying the Buckingham's Theorem and incomplete self-similarity hypothesis and was calibrated using the laboratory measurements carried out in this investigation. The proposed stage-discharge formula is characterized by a mean absolute relative error of 7.4% and 72% of the data points are in an error range of ±5%. The results indicate that TCBF flume is characterized by a flow capacity higher than that of a typical central baffle flume. Experimental observations show that the contraction ratio is a key parameter to distinguish between free and submerged flow regimes through a TCBF. Finally, to identify the flow condition, submergence threshold condition was formulated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101641-
Number of pages7
JournalFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Instrumentation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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