Experimental Study of Central Baffle Flume

Costanza Di Stefano, Vito Ferro, Bijankhan, A. Mahdavi Mazdeh, F. Lotfi Kolavani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the hydraulics of a central baffle flume (CBF) were experimentally studied. Extensive experimental runs were carriedout to highlight the effects of different geometrical parameters such as baffle length, contraction ratio, and the length of upstream and downstreamguide walls. Two different approaches, i.e., the Π theorem of dimensional analysis coupled with the incomplete self-similarity theoryand the energy balance equation, were applied to deduce the stage–discharge formula of a CBF characterized by different geometrical parameters.The stage–discharge relationship deduced by the dimensional analysis approach was more accurate than that obtained by the energyapproach. Furthermore, the dimensional analysis approach has the advantage of calculating discharge values explicitly. The measurementsdemonstrated that the flow capacity of a CBF decreased with increasing values of the central baffle length. The experiments also showed thata central baffle flume with an apex angle of 75° for upstream guide walls provides suitable hydraulic conditions at the flume entrance. Theexistence of downstream guide walls did not affect the stage–discharge relationship. In order to distinguish between the free and submergedflow conditions and to determine the modular limit of the flume, the dimensional analysis approach and the momentum balance method wereused to formulate the submergence threshold. The analysis showed that the best model to describe the submergence threshold condition wasobtained by dimensional analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)04019002-
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)


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