Experimental assessment of the mixing quality in a circular cross-sectional t-shaped mixer for the precipitation of sparingly soluble compounds

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Abstract

Precipitation processes have been successfully proved to be a feasible route to extract high-value products from wastes. However, reactive crystallization is characterized by fast kinetics, especially when highly concentrated solutions are used or sparingly soluble compounds precipitate, thus requiring a fast mixing of the reactants. In this context, T-shaped mixers have been extensively investigated both experimentally and numerically as a mean to achieve a rapid reactants homogenization. Many research efforts have been focused on the analysis of rectangular cross-sectional T-shaped mixers, while less attention has been devoted to the study of circular cross-sectional ones. In the present work, mixing times in a 3 mm circular cross-sectional T-shaped mixer have been optically estimated by exploiting the extremely fast neutralization reaction between sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid solutions. Reynolds numbers ranging between 1,000 and 6,000 were investigated. Mixing phenomena were (i) captured by detecting the colour change of a pH indicator by means of a high frame rate camera and (ii) quantified by a suitable image analysis technique. The assessed mixing times were found in accordance with available data in the literature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1170
Number of pages6
JournalCHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS
Volume86
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering

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