Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Microstructure Evolution during Linear Friction Welding of Ti6Al4V

Gianluca Buffa, Davide Campanella, Marco Cammalleri, Livan Fratini, Antonino Ducato, Antonello Astarita, Sergio Esposito, Antonino Squillace

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

7 Citations (Scopus)


Linear Friction Welding (LFW) is a solid state welding process used to joint bulk components. In the paper, an experimental and numerical study on LFW of Ti6Al4V titanium alloy is presented. A laboratory designed LFW machine has been used to weld the specimens with different contact pressure and oscillation frequency. The joint microstructure has been experimentally observed with SEM and EDS. A dedicated numerical model, able to predict temperature, strain and strain rate distribution as well as the phase volume fraction evolution, has been utilized to predict the final microstructure in the welded parts. It was found that complete transformation of the alpha phase into beta phase occurs during the process. After cool down, martensitic structure is obtained at the core of the weld due to high temperatures reached during the process and high cooling rates occurring at the end of the reciprocating motion. Microhardness measurements confirmed increased hardness in the Weld Zone with respect to the parent material
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-441
Number of pages13
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2015


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

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