Exenatide once-weekly improves metabolic parameters, endothelial dysfunction and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type-2 diabetes: An 8-month prospective study

Egle Corrado, Giuseppa Castellino, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Roberto Citarrella, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Angelo Maria Patti, Vincenzo Provenzano, Manfredi Rizzo, Francesca Provenzano, Ali A. Rizvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the effect of exenatide long acting release (LAR) on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.METHODS: Sixty subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus were treated with exenatide LAR as add-on to stable doses of metformin for 8 months in an open label study. Anthropometric variables, lipid profile and glycemic parameters were assessed by routine analysis. Carotid IMT by Doppler ultrasound and endothelial function by flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery were also assessed.RESULTS: Exenatide significantly improved fasting glycaemia (from 8.8 ± 2.8 to 7.3 ± 2.2 mmol/L, p < 0.0001), HbA1c (from 8.0 ± 0.4 to 6.9 ± 1.1%, p < 0.0001), body mass index (from 33 ± 9 to 31 ± 6 kg/m2, p = 0.0348) and waist circumference (from 109 ± 13 to 106 ± 13 cm, p = 0.0105). There was a significant improvement of the lipid profile, except in triglyceride level where no changes were observed. Carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation were also improved (from 0.98 ± 0.14 to 0.87 ± 0.15 mm and from 5.8 ± 1.3 to 6.8 ± 1.7%, respectively; p < 0.0001 for both).CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with exenatide LAR led to improved cardio-metabolic parameters, including carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation, independently of glucometabolic control. These results may help to explain, at least in part, the cardiovascular safety of exenatide LAR, as recently reported in cardiovascular outcome trials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
JournalDefault journal
Volume149
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

@article{051bceb1a1414221ba89bf2e69cb02c1,
title = "Exenatide once-weekly improves metabolic parameters, endothelial dysfunction and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type-2 diabetes: An 8-month prospective study",
abstract = "AIM: To evaluate the effect of exenatide long acting release (LAR) on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.METHODS: Sixty subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus were treated with exenatide LAR as add-on to stable doses of metformin for 8 months in an open label study. Anthropometric variables, lipid profile and glycemic parameters were assessed by routine analysis. Carotid IMT by Doppler ultrasound and endothelial function by flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery were also assessed.RESULTS: Exenatide significantly improved fasting glycaemia (from 8.8 ± 2.8 to 7.3 ± 2.2 mmol/L, p < 0.0001), HbA1c (from 8.0 ± 0.4 to 6.9 ± 1.1{\%}, p < 0.0001), body mass index (from 33 ± 9 to 31 ± 6 kg/m2, p = 0.0348) and waist circumference (from 109 ± 13 to 106 ± 13 cm, p = 0.0105). There was a significant improvement of the lipid profile, except in triglyceride level where no changes were observed. Carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation were also improved (from 0.98 ± 0.14 to 0.87 ± 0.15 mm and from 5.8 ± 1.3 to 6.8 ± 1.7{\%}, respectively; p < 0.0001 for both).CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with exenatide LAR led to improved cardio-metabolic parameters, including carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation, independently of glucometabolic control. These results may help to explain, at least in part, the cardiovascular safety of exenatide LAR, as recently reported in cardiovascular outcome trials.",
keywords = "Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular diseases; Carotid intima-media thickness; Diabetes mellitus, type 2; Exenatide",
author = "Egle Corrado and Giuseppa Castellino and Dragana Nikolic and Giuseppe Montalto and Roberto Citarrella and Giglio, {Rosaria Vincenza} and Patti, {Angelo Maria} and Vincenzo Provenzano and Manfredi Rizzo and Francesca Provenzano and Rizvi, {Ali A.}",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "149",
pages = "163--169",
journal = "Default journal",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exenatide once-weekly improves metabolic parameters, endothelial dysfunction and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type-2 diabetes: An 8-month prospective study

AU - Corrado, Egle

AU - Castellino, Giuseppa

AU - Nikolic, Dragana

AU - Montalto, Giuseppe

AU - Citarrella, Roberto

AU - Giglio, Rosaria Vincenza

AU - Patti, Angelo Maria

AU - Provenzano, Vincenzo

AU - Rizzo, Manfredi

AU - Provenzano, Francesca

AU - Rizvi, Ali A.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - AIM: To evaluate the effect of exenatide long acting release (LAR) on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.METHODS: Sixty subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus were treated with exenatide LAR as add-on to stable doses of metformin for 8 months in an open label study. Anthropometric variables, lipid profile and glycemic parameters were assessed by routine analysis. Carotid IMT by Doppler ultrasound and endothelial function by flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery were also assessed.RESULTS: Exenatide significantly improved fasting glycaemia (from 8.8 ± 2.8 to 7.3 ± 2.2 mmol/L, p < 0.0001), HbA1c (from 8.0 ± 0.4 to 6.9 ± 1.1%, p < 0.0001), body mass index (from 33 ± 9 to 31 ± 6 kg/m2, p = 0.0348) and waist circumference (from 109 ± 13 to 106 ± 13 cm, p = 0.0105). There was a significant improvement of the lipid profile, except in triglyceride level where no changes were observed. Carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation were also improved (from 0.98 ± 0.14 to 0.87 ± 0.15 mm and from 5.8 ± 1.3 to 6.8 ± 1.7%, respectively; p < 0.0001 for both).CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with exenatide LAR led to improved cardio-metabolic parameters, including carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation, independently of glucometabolic control. These results may help to explain, at least in part, the cardiovascular safety of exenatide LAR, as recently reported in cardiovascular outcome trials.

AB - AIM: To evaluate the effect of exenatide long acting release (LAR) on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.METHODS: Sixty subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus were treated with exenatide LAR as add-on to stable doses of metformin for 8 months in an open label study. Anthropometric variables, lipid profile and glycemic parameters were assessed by routine analysis. Carotid IMT by Doppler ultrasound and endothelial function by flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery were also assessed.RESULTS: Exenatide significantly improved fasting glycaemia (from 8.8 ± 2.8 to 7.3 ± 2.2 mmol/L, p < 0.0001), HbA1c (from 8.0 ± 0.4 to 6.9 ± 1.1%, p < 0.0001), body mass index (from 33 ± 9 to 31 ± 6 kg/m2, p = 0.0348) and waist circumference (from 109 ± 13 to 106 ± 13 cm, p = 0.0105). There was a significant improvement of the lipid profile, except in triglyceride level where no changes were observed. Carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation were also improved (from 0.98 ± 0.14 to 0.87 ± 0.15 mm and from 5.8 ± 1.3 to 6.8 ± 1.7%, respectively; p < 0.0001 for both).CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with exenatide LAR led to improved cardio-metabolic parameters, including carotid IMT and flow-mediated dilation, independently of glucometabolic control. These results may help to explain, at least in part, the cardiovascular safety of exenatide LAR, as recently reported in cardiovascular outcome trials.

KW - Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular diseases; Carotid intima-media thickness; Diabetes mellitus

KW - type 2; Exenatide

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10447/352736

M3 - Article

VL - 149

SP - 163

EP - 169

JO - Default journal

JF - Default journal

ER -