Esperienze sfavorevoli infantili e dipendenza da sostanze: contesti di vita e narrazioni nella CECA interview

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Abstract

[automatically translated] Introduction: The international literature on the role of childhood experiences in the structuring of adult personality recognizes the long-term impact of early traumatic situations (Bifulco, Moran, 1998; Fonagy et al, 2002; Giannone et al, 2011). The different types of abuse (emotional, physical and sexual) experienced in early childhood can increase the structuring adult problems related to drug use and dependence conditions (Dube et al., 2003; Huang et al, 2011; Lansford et al., 2010; Pederson et al, 2008). It is therefore important to the deepening of the development conditions that underlie the structuring of these diseases. The Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CZECH) Interview (Bifulco et al., 1994; Giannone, Schimmenti et al., 2011) allows an accurate assessment of these conditions, allowing both the in-depth analysis on development contexts, is the detection of empirical indicators of childhood experiences. Method: A group of 25 addicts in treatment in the Community, was interviewed with CZECH, which provides for the assessment of 6 types of maltreatment / abuse and variables of caregiving contexts. The paper proposes the first results on the presence and quality of the traumatic experiences detected in the group and fragments of narratives from the interviews. Results: There were no categories of maltreatment / abuse prevalent and recursive, but most of the subjects had experienced traumatic childhood situations of severe intensity. The clinical interpretation of the interviews makes grasp the impact on the lives of individuals and offers new insights into the understanding of the abusive situations and their consequences. Conclusions: Tools like CZECH, able to combine empirical criteria and clinical approach, opening the possibility of more and more complex and in-depth courses of study, and on empirical data plan and that of theoretical and clinical reflection.
Original languageItalian
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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