Esperienze di accudimento ed abuso in campioni clinici e non clinici: rilevazioni attraverso l’intervista clinica CECA (Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse).

Chiarenza, A

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[automatically translated] The CZECH (Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse: Bifulco et al. 1994) is a retrospective semi-structured interview for use with young people and adults, which explores the experiences of caregiving lived with parents and other significant figures in childhood and in ' adolescence. The CZECH interview recently validated in Italy (Giannone, Schimmenti et al. 2011), makes it possible to obtain reliable measurements and useful in clinical and research terms, on development contexts, emotional and material received treatment and any experiences maltreatment and abuse. It is a behavioral oriented tool that responds to the need to go beyond the subjective perceptions of the experience, when they have a large size of real events on which an evaluation (Bifulco is possible, Moran, 1998). This paper presents the data for the comparison of two groups of subjects, belonging to clinical populations (n ​​= 28, recruited from the structures to the care and rehabilitation of the clinical and psychosocial distress) and non-clinical (n = 100, recruited in the normal population by the criterion of convenience sampling), which CZECH interview was administered. The results showed significant differences with respect to the quality, intensity and frequency of the experiences of care, mistreatment and abuse experienced in childhood. The two groups also differ with respect to the characteristics of the primary caregiving context, in which elements such discord and violence within the family, experiences of separation from caregivers, psychiatric disorders of parents, or economic and social difficulties, They are representing potential risk factors for the development. The majority of subjects in the clinical sample had a childhood characterized by the presence of many risk factors, which, significantly, are associated with multiple and pervasive experiences of abuse and mistreatment. The latter are mainly implemented by the primary caregivers and repeated over time from earliest childhood. In non-clinical sample are observed, in contrast, the stability of the family context elements (which can become protective factors with regard to potentially traumatic episodes) associated with isolated incidents of mistreatment and abuse, low intensity and usually borne by the parental figures.
Original languageItalian
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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