Ernesto Basile

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Abstract

[automatically translated] ERNESTO BASILE Ernesto Basile (Palermo 1857-1932) architect, Professor of Technical Architecture at the universities of Rome and Palermo, is one of the main protagonists of the long season of Italian modernism. father's pupil Giovan Battista Filippo she interprets the problematic nature "of the new research" that had distinguished the work within the timeframe Italian architecture between the sunset of neostili and romance and eclecticism maturity. The latter the same Ernesto Basile will be one of the most interesting figures in the transition season to modernism. Personality of remarkable intellectual qualities and considerable academic power Ernesto Basile will be one of the main promoters and supporters of the late nineteenth century cultural change which allows even in Italy the flowering of a great New Art season. He will be one of the few Italian architects to constitute a veritable coterie interdisciplinary and pursue the unity of the arts that distinguishes the most advanced contemporary manifestations of European modernism. Backed by a wealthy Sicilian clients, cultured and international, and that part of the national political class devoted to the progress of the young Italian state and the promotion of a conservative society meliorista reform, Basile made the search for quality measurement of a profession dedicated to the action educator art as a fundamental component of the progress of civilization. The search for excellence of normality distinguishes, for control and rugged simplicity of sorts, his design line by ephemeral of Liberty exploits of the other Italian designers; This is against the insistent vitalistic reforms of formal instruments and in relation to that taste for hyperbolic that would lead to unexpected developments in the Italian modernism. Described by critics as a pioneer of contemporary "artistic renewal" and national architectural the years of the Belle Époque, reached international fame in the period between 1900 and 1918, with works such as the Villino Florio, Villa Igiea, his house in Via Siracusa, Villino Fassini and Villa Deliella (all in Palermo), and as the Palace of the Chamber of Deputies in Montecitorio (Rome). Successfully participated in the international art exhibitions and modern decorative arts held in Turin in 1902 and in Venice from 1903 to 1909, as well as in Milan in 1906. The English magazines, German, Austrian and of course, Italian era bear witness to ' attention paid to its architectural production (and its original Sicilian variation of the integral design aesthetic principles and the ideal of Gesamtkunstwerk), recognizing the spearhead role (in Italian field), to the modernity of language and sensitivity to the new aesthetic taste. Anagraphically older than the other protagonists of Liberty, He worked with academic authority in an effort to promote the renewal movement in Italy, and (among the few in Europe) gave birth to a qualified school of "modern" project, soon brought back, however, in a manner of address, in the twenties, eventually isolate the components from the new guidelines of the international architectural culture; a parallel process to the fate of the Sicilian civil society, whose glories (as an example of economic and cultural renaissance phenomenon at the turn of the century) was subtle and flawless performer. His professional activities, widely practiced throughout the country, but especially in Palermo, in Rome and in many cities of Sicily,
Original languageItalian
Title of host publicationCollezioni Basile e Ducrot. Mostra documentaria degli archivi
Pages29-74
Number of pages46
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

Sessa, E. (2014). Ernesto Basile. In Collezioni Basile e Ducrot. Mostra documentaria degli archivi (pp. 29-74)