Endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibition protects against excitotoxic neuronal injury in the rat brain

Natale Belluardo, Giuseppa Mudo', Sami Reijonen, Noora Putkonen, Evgeny Pryazhnikov, Dan Lindholm, Leonard Khiroug, Laura Korhonen, Anna-Leena Sokka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

246 Citations (Scopus)


Elevated brain glutamate with activation of neuronal glutamate receptors accompanies neurological disorders, such as epilepsy and brain trauma. However, the mechanisms by which excitotoxicity triggers neuronal injury are not fully understood. We have studied the glutamate receptor agonist kainic acid (KA) inducing seizures and excitotoxic cell death. KA caused the disintegration of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane in hippocampal neurons and ER stress with the activation of the ER proteins Bip, Chop, and caspase-12. Salubrinal, inhibiting eIF2alpha (eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha) dephosphorylation, significantly reduced KA-induced ER stress and neuronal death in vivo and in vitro. KA-induced rise in intracellular calcium was not affected by Salubrinal. The results show that ER responses are essential parts of excitotoxicity mediated by glutamate receptor activation and that Salubrinal decreases neuronal death in vivo. Inhibition of ER stress by small molecular compounds may be beneficial for treatment of various neuronal injuries and brain disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-908
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibition protects against excitotoxic neuronal injury in the rat brain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this