Electrochemical treatment of aqueous solutions of organic pollutants by electro-Fenton with natural heterogeneous catalysts under pressure using Ti/IrO2-Ta2O5 or BDD anodes

Alessandro Galia, Onofrio Scialdone, Federica Proietto, Simona Sabatino, Abdellatif Gadri, Salah Ammar, Aziza Hadj Ltaïef

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The treatment of toxic organic pollutants by electro-Fenton (EF) presents some drawbacks such as the necessity to work at low pH and the low solubility of oxygen in water contacted with air or oxygen at room pressure that results often in slow and relatively low abatements. Here, the coupled adoption of natural heterogeneous catalysts and of relatively high pressure was proposed in order to improve the performances of EF for the treatment of organic pollutants. Caffeic acid (CA) and 3-chlorophenol were used as model resistant organic pollutants. EF process was performed using both conventional homogeneous FeSO4 and natural heterogeneous catalysts (pyrite, chalcopyrite, Fe2O3 and Fe3O4) as iron catalysts and oxygen at various pressures in the absence or in the presence of BDD anode. The effect of the nature of the catalyst, the oxygen pressure, the current density and the catalyst load was widely investigated in order to optimize the process. It was shown that the coupled utilization of a natural heterogeneous catalyst such as chalcopyrite and a relatively high pressure allows to obtain the total removal of CA and a high removal of the TOC (about 75%) in short times (2 h) with relatively high current efficiencies using an Iridium based anode. In the case of 3-chlorophenol, the utilization of a BDD anode was necessary to achieve a high removal of the pollutant and the TOC. It was shown that the removal of 3-chlorophenol can be effectively performed in different water bodies and with different initial concentrations of 3-chlorophenol.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume202
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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