Effects of fabrication on the mechanics, microstructure and micromechanical environment of small intestinal submucosa scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering.

Antonio D'Amore, Andrés González-Mancera, Antonio D'Amore, William R. Wagner, Diana M. Sánchez-Palencia, Juan C. Briceño

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In small intestinal submucosa scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, the impact of scaffold fabrication parameters on success rate may be related to the mechanotransductory properties of the final microstructural organization of collagen fibers. We hypothesized that two fabrication parameters, 1) preservation (P) or removal (R) of a dense collagen layer present in SIS and 2) SIS in a final dehydrated (D) or hydrated (H) state, have an effect on scaffold void area, microstructural anisotropy (fiber alignment) and mechanical anisotropy (global mechanical compliance). We further integrated our experimental measurements in a constitutive model to explore final effects on the micromechanical environment inside the scaffold volume. Our results indicated that PH scaffolds might exhibit recurrent and large force fluctuations between layers (up to 195 pN), while fluctuations in RH scaffolds might be larger (up to 256 pN) but not as recurrent. In contrast, both PD and RD groups were estimated to produce scarcer and smaller fluctuations (not larger than 50 pN). We concluded that the hydration parameter strongly affects the micromechanics of SIS and that an adequate choice of fabrication parameters, assisted by the herein developed method, might leverage the use of SIS for functional tissue engineering applications, where forces at the cellular level are of concern in the guidance of new tissue formation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2766-2773
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biomechanics
    VolumeNA
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Biophysics
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Biomedical Engineering
    • Rehabilitation

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