Underwater sounds generated by anthropogenic activity can cause behavior changes, temporary loss of hearing, damage to parts of the body, or death in a number of marine organisms and can also affect healing and survival. In this study, the authors examined the effects of high-frequency acoustic stimulations on a number of biochemical parameters in the Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis. During the experiment, animals were placed in a test tank and exposed to acoustic signals [a linear sweep ranging from 100 to 200 kHz and lasting 1 s, with a sound pressure level range of between 145 and 160 dBrms (re 1µParms)] for 3 h. Total haemocyte count was assessed and glucose levels, cytotoxic activity and enzyme activity (alkaline phosphatase, esterase and peroxidase) in the digestive gland were measured. For the first time, this study suggests that high-frequency noise pollution has a negative impact on biochemical parameters in the digestive gland.
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics