Effect of Heating Time and Temperature on the Chemical Characteristics of Biochar from Poultry Manure

Giulia Cimo', Giuseppe Alonzo, Pellegrino Conte, Anne E. Berns, Jiri Kucerik, Gabriele E. Schaumann

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74 Citations (Scopus)


Poultry manure (PM) chars were obtained at different temperatures and charring times. Chemical−physicalcharacterization of the different PM chars was conducted by cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CPMAS) 13C NMRspectroscopy and thermal analysis. CPMAS 13C NMR spectra showed that the chemical composition of PM char is dependent onproduction temperature rather than on production duration. Aromatic and alkyl domains in the PM chars obtained at the lowesttemperatures remained unchanged at all heating times applied for their production. The PM char obtained at the highesttemperature consisted only of aromatic structures having chemical nature that also appeared invariant with heating time.Thermogravimetry revealed differences in the thermo-oxidative stability of the aromatic domains in the different PM chars. ThePM char produced at the highest temperature appeared less stable than those produced at the lowest temperatures. Thisdifference was explained by a protective effect of the alkyl groups, which are still present in chars formed at lower temperature.The analysis of the chemical and physicochemical character of poultry manure chars produced at different temperatures canincrease understanding of the role of these materials in the properties and behavior of char-amended soils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1912-1918
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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