E-beam crosslinked, biocompatible functional hydrogels incorporating polyaniline nanoparticles

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12 Citations (Scopus)


PANI aqueous nanocolloids in their acid-doped, inherently conductive form were synthesised by meansof suitable water soluble polymers used as stabilisers. In particular, poly(vinylalcohol)(PVA) orchitosan (CT) was used to stabilise PANI nanoparticles, thus preventing PANI precipitation duringsynthesis and upon storage. Subsequently,e-beam irradiation of the PANI dispersions has been performed with a 12 MeV Linac accelerator. PVA-PANI nanocolloid has been transformed into a PVA-PANI hydrogel nanocomposite by radiation induced crosslinking of PVA.CT-PANI nanoparticlesdispersion, inturn,was added to PVA to obtain wall-to-wall gels, as chitosan mainly under goes chain scission under the chosen irradiation conditions. While the obtain ment of uniform PANI particle sizedistribution was preliminarily ascertained with laser light scattering and TEM microscopy,the typicalporous structure of PVA-based freezedried hydrogels was observed with SEM microscopy for thehydrogel nanocomposites. UV-visible absorption spectroscopy demonstrates that the characteristic,pH-dependent and reversible optical absorption properties of PANI are conferred to the otherwiseoptically transparent PVA hydrogels.Selected formulations have been also subjected to MTT assays toprove the absence of cytotoxicity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1456-1459
Number of pages4
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation


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