Doping dependence of spin lifetime of drifting electrons in GaAs bulks

Research output: Other contribution

Abstract

We study the effect of the impurity density on lifetimes and relaxation lengths of electron spins in the presence of a static electric field in a n-type GaAs bulk. The transport of electrons and the spin dynamics are simulated by using a semiclassical Monte Carlo approach, which takes into account the intravalley scattering mechanisms of warm electrons in the semiconductor material. Spin relaxation is considered through the D'yakonov-Perel mechanism, which is the dominant mechanism in III-V semiconductors. The evolution of spin polarization is analyzed by computing the lifetimes and depolarization lengths as a function of the doping density in the range 10^{13} - 10^{16} cm^{-3}, for different values of the amplitude of the static electric field (0.1 - 1.0 kV/cm). We find an increase of the electron spin lifetime as a function of the doping density, more evident for lattice temperatures lower than 150 K. Moreover, at very low intensities of the driving field, the spin depolarization length shows a nonmonotonic behaviour with the density. At the room temperature, the spin lifetimes and depolarization lengths are nearly independent on the doping density. The underlying physics is analyzed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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