AbstractIn the common meaning of the term, incarceration is an unavoidable feature of contemporary society. In the collective imagination, it continues to be considered to be the way to isolate those who had been convicted of certain types of crime. Nowadays, classical principles of speed, proportionality, infallibility, and mildness of punishments do not exclusively identify a building – the prison – but increasingly identify also alternatives to detention which are the most effective forms of rehabilitation. Specifically in recent years, the interaction between poverty, penalty and social exclusion is becoming more and more evident; therefore, the affliction suffered by any individual affects all of society and highlights its problems in order to integrate the most vulnerable. For this reason, 40 years after penal reform, more traditional retributive sentencing practices are replaced by conciliation and restorative procedures.This article deals with the issue of effectiveness of alternatives to incarceration granted to convicted women as a means to achieve social integration and meaningful relationships with the community in order to move beyond the limits of security obsessions that can be found in certain social environments such as the analysed province of Agrigento. This required, on the one hand, a study of laws and sociological literature regarding women’s criminality; on the other, a global analysis of women prisoners’ conditions using the latest data published by ISTAT (Italian Institute of Statistics) on the current situation in Italian penal institutions.Finally, with the aim of demonstrating the usefulness of alternatives to detention, the author conducted research on their effectiveness by analysing social reintegration actions implemented by U.E.P.E. (Probation Service) of Agrigento for female prisoners. In relation to social context of origin, these women are victims rather than authors having consciously committed the crimes.All this led the author to conduct an effectiveness evaluation of these measures, albeit a partial one due to inevitable limitations in a case-study.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||RIVISTA DI CRIMINOLOGIA, VITTIMOLOGIA E SICUREZZA|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|