DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

Vincenzo Turco Liveri, Alessio Terenzi, Giampaolo Barone, Vieri Fusi, Gianluca Ambrosi, Mirco Fanelli, Stefano Amatori, Luca Giorgi

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Abstract

The interaction of calf thymus DNAwith [CuL(ClO4)]ClO4·H2O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H2O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[24.2.1.02,7.020,25]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,281-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)–DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 106 M−1 for CuL2+ and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 105 M−1 for ZnL2+. These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58% with 1 and to 31% with 2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4389-4395
Number of pages7
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume41
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Zinc
Cells
Derivatives
DNA
Circular dichroism spectroscopy
Thymus
Ethidium
Fluorescence spectroscopy
Cell membranes
Titration
Binders
2,5-diphenyloxazole
Temperature
perchlorate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative. / Turco Liveri, Vincenzo; Terenzi, Alessio; Barone, Giampaolo; Fusi, Vieri; Ambrosi, Gianluca; Fanelli, Mirco; Amatori, Stefano; Giorgi, Luca.

In: Dalton Transactions, Vol. 41, 2012, p. 4389-4395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative",
abstract = "The interaction of calf thymus DNAwith [CuL(ClO4)]ClO4·H2O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H2O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[24.2.1.02,7.020,25]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,281-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)–DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 106 M−1 for CuL2+ and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 105 M−1 for ZnL2+. These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58{\%} with 1 and to 31{\%} with 2.",
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T1 - DNA binding and antiproliferative activity toward human carcinoma cells of copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of a 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

AU - Turco Liveri, Vincenzo

AU - Terenzi, Alessio

AU - Barone, Giampaolo

AU - Fusi, Vieri

AU - Ambrosi, Gianluca

AU - Fanelli, Mirco

AU - Amatori, Stefano

AU - Giorgi, Luca

PY - 2012

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N2 - The interaction of calf thymus DNAwith [CuL(ClO4)]ClO4·H2O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H2O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[24.2.1.02,7.020,25]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,281-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)–DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 106 M−1 for CuL2+ and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 105 M−1 for ZnL2+. These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58% with 1 and to 31% with 2.

AB - The interaction of calf thymus DNAwith [CuL(ClO4)]ClO4·H2O (1) and [ZnLBr]Br·H2O (2) (L = 9,12,15,18,27,28-hexaaza-29-oxatetracyclo[24.2.1.02,7.020,25]enneicosa-2,4,6,20,22,24,26,281-octaene) dicationic complexes in aqueous solution at neutral pH, was investigated by variable-temperature UV-vis absorption, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. The values of the DNA-binding constants of these complexes, determined by competitive binding spectrofluorimetric titrations of ethidium bromide (EB)–DNA solutions, are (6.7 ± 0.5) × 106 M−1 for CuL2+ and (4.7 ± 0.5) × 105 M−1 for ZnL2+. These data together with a through analysis of the spectroscopic behaviour consistently suggest that both compounds are effective DNA binders. Interestingly, the DNA-binding strength of these complexes has been found to be correlated to their in vitro cytotoxic activity toward human breast carcinoma cells, although the complex with lower DNA-binding affinity is more active. In fact, biological studies showed that when the compounds are delivered through the cell membrane by a lipidic carrier, the cell survival is sensibly reduced, up to 58% with 1 and to 31% with 2.

KW - DNA binding, antiproliferative activity, 2,5-diphenyl[1,3,4]oxadiazole derivative

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JO - Dalton Transactions

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