Diversità paesaggistica e multifunzionalità dei sistemi agro-forestali dell’Etna

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Abstract

[automatically translated] The landscape of Etna is a complex of rich and diverse landscapes thanks to the extreme variation in levels and aspects that always affect human activities and growth of the organisms; the Etna volcanic cone is the main relief and simultaneously the youngest island geological formation. Between the basal-end, more subject to cultural intesificazioni and the mountainous forest in character dominates the foothills characterized by an important landscape value and biological. In order to prevent the degradation or even worse loss of these special agro-ecosystems is needed to fill gaps in knowledge about the classification and description of the different landscape systems, for implementation of knowledge on their multifunctionality and assessment of systemic biodiversity level. The measurement of the systemic complexity and biodiversity of the units of landscapes analyzed was conducted at the level of ecotessuto of ground coverings, of single topsoil, of natural species and cultured present. The goal is, through the use of maps (deployed and managed in a GIS environment), photos, orthophotos, several interviews and bibliographical sources, to analyze: the traditional systems that best characterize the different landscape units, selecting those agroforestry up to today survivors. On the basis of the altimetric development, the volcanic cone is characterized by foothills areas for about 40% (altitudes <800 m) while the areas above 1200 m above sea level, account for about 22% and are almost entirely covered with forest vegetation, natural and lava flows at different stages of colonization. The goal of the work is to identify local areas homogeneous landscapes: the landscape unit, and catalog reference homogenous crop units: agrarian and traditional agroforestry systems.
Original languageItalian
Pages164-166
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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