Distribution and phenotype of GJB2 mutations in 102 Sicilian patients with congenital non syndromic sensorineural hearing loss

Enrico Martines, Francesco Martines, Pietro Salvago, Pietro Sammarco, Federico Sireci, Marianna Mucia

Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the frequency of GJB2 mutations and their correlation with phenotype in Sicilian non-syndromic sensorineuralhearing loss (NSHL) patients. Design: Sequencing of the coding region, basal promoter, exon 1, and donor splice site of the GJB2 gene;screening for the presence of the two common GJB6 deletions. Study sample: A cohort of 102 Sicilian NSHL patients. Results: Fifteendifferent mutations in GJB2 and seventeen different genotypes were detected. No GJB6 mutations were found. The hearing impairmentwas profound in the 64.72% of probands (mean PTA 0.25 – 4 kHz of 88.82 26.52 dB HL). A total of 81.37% of patients harboured at leastone c.35delG allele; c.167delT and c.-23 1G A were identifi ed in 10.78% and the 9.8% of patients respectively; c.35delG homozygotespresented more severe hearing impairment (75.59% of profound hearing loss) and a higher mean PTA 0.25 – 4 kHz (96.79 21.11 dBHL) with respect to c.35delG/non-c.35delG and c.35delG/Wt patients (P 0.05). Conclusions: This work underlines the role of c.35delG,c.167delT and c.-23 1G A as the most frequent causes of NSHL in Sicily. The c.35delG frequency found is similar to those reportedin other populations of the Mediterranean area. The analysis of genetic and audiologic data confi rmed a variability in the phenotypeassociated to a single genotype.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-563
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume53
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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