Design and performances of a high temperature superconducting axial flux generator

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


An important quality index of electric machine is the power density: it isknown that axial flux machine tends to have a higher power density than theradial machines. As a result they are becoming more and more used in applications where the power density is a critical issues. However, the best way toenhance the power density is to increase the value of the airgap field and thiscould be achieved by using a superconducting excitation. Many projects havebeen developed in the world in order to develop both superconducting generator and superconducting motor, but in most of these programs the geometry of the machine has been based on radial machines [1]. All of theseapproaches show the feasibility of a superconducting generator but somedrawbacks, that are eventually linked to the fact that the low temperature areamust be guaranteed in the moving part of the machine, have been evidencedIn this paper, a high temperature axial flux (HTSAF) generator is presented.In this generator the excitation is obtained by using some high temperaturesuperconducting magnets (HTSPM). The magnets are installed in the stationary part of the machine inside a thermal vessel which contains the coolantand reduces the thermal losses. This vessel is linked to the cooling systemthrough two ducts. The winding is located on the rotating part of the generator and are linked to the power electronics section of the generator trough aslip and ring system. Due to the fact that this machine has been built in orderto work at a maximum field of 2T, a ferromagnetic yoke has been installed.The structure of the stator consists of a disk containing 8 HTSPMs. The rotorhas a double sided structure. The windings are made of copper. The rotor runsat room temperature. The pole shoes and the yoke are made of laminatedsteel. In the paper, preliminarily, an analytical magnetic analysis of the structure of the machine is performed. Then, the analytical analysis is validatedthrough numerical technique. Finally, the electrical and mechanical outputparameters of the machine are computed. The power density ratio is calculated and it is shown that is much higher than a traditional machine
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 12TH JOINT MMM-INTERMAG CONFERENCE
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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