Defect-related visible luminescence of silica nanoparticles

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Abstract

The high photon emissivity in the visible spectral range is one of the most relevant phenomena emerging from the reduction of silica down to nanoscale; hence it is promising for the development of optical nanotechnologies (down converter, probes, display). It is well accepted that the origin of this luminescence is related to the high specific surface (~100 m2/g) that favors the formation of optically active defects at the nanosilica surface. With the aim to clarify the role of specific luminescent defects, here we report a detailed study of spectral and decay features by time-resolved photoluminescence spectra under a visible-UV tunable laser excitation. Our study is carried out on different nanoparticles typologies exploring a large range of specific surfaces, from 50m2/g to 380m2/g, as a function of external treatments such as thermal annealing up to 1000 °C and UV laser exposure. The reported results evidence different contributions: a blue band centered around 2.8 eV with a lifetime in the ns timescale; a green band centered around 2.3 eV with a lifetime in the us time scale. These bands are not observed in the silica bulk; their origin is therefore related to defects peculiar to silica surface structure.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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