Tunisia is characterized by hot and warm groundwaters (temperature up to 75 °C) which represent the surface manifestation of geothermalsystems hosted in carbonate-evaporite rock sequences. The T-conditions of Tunisia deep thermal reservoirs are here evaluated for the first time at the regional scale. The results here shown clearly highlight the limitations inherent in the application ofcommon geothermometric methods in the estimation of equilibrium temperatures in sedimentary environments. The modeling approach proposed by Chiodini et alii (1995), which makes use of the ratios between dissolved HCO3, SO4 and F, provides the most reliable results, and allows us to derive equilibrium temperatures up to 200 °C for the Tunisian thermal reservoirs. Very high equilibrium pCO2 (100 bar) values are also estimated, likely indicative of the confined aquifer conditions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|