Introduction: Soft tissue sarcomas are rare neoplasms often characterized by local invasiveness and distant metastasis with poor prognosis for affected patients. Among the most frequent sarcomas we find well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcomas characterized by a better survival compared to the other histological types. When it is possible the only curative treatment for these neoplasms is surgical resection. Case report: We report a case of a 62-year-old caucasian woman with CT abdominal scan that demonstrated a voluminous solid oval mass in the left perirenal space with dislocation of the kidney and in continuity with the anterior renal fascia. After a percutaneous CT-guided biopsy of the mass the histopathological diagnosis was a dedifferentiated retroperitoneal liposarcoma. We performed a laparoscopic surgical resection of the retroperitoneal mass in block with kidney and left adrenal gland. Discussion: When possible, surgical resection with adequate margins represents the only curative therapeutic option for this pathology. Only a few papers are available in literature which take into consideration the possibility of laparoscopic approach for retroperitoneal masses with better vision of surgical field, reduction of post-operative pain and better cosmesis. Conclusion: A retroperitoneal mass represents a serious diagnostic challenge. The choice of the best surgical procedure can benefit to the patient prognosis. To our opinion laparoscopy can be a safe and successful treatment and it can represent a valid alternative to open surgery. However, we have no randomized controlled trials that compare laparoscopic versus open resection for retroperitoneal liposarcomas.