Unjust act, crime? In the Homeric world, we can identify an important distinction: 1. Atasthalìai (in Homer only in the plural) are a “voluntary and conscious excesse founded on trust in one’s own strength or capacity”; in this case, the individual is held responsible (while one is considered not responsible or innocent if they obey material / human causes of force majeure); 2. Ate is the mental obfuscation under which one ruins oneself, themselves or others: it derives from one’s own imprudence or from divine punishment. In the case of offenses to other men, it is necessary to compensate materially and morally to achieve a reconciliation: the latter is the goal that both the offender and the offended, as well as the arbitrator, if any, are expected to strive for. Furthermore, the responsibility is in solidarity, both on the religious and on the human level.
|Title of host publication||Leggi, diritto, giustizia ed etica: un dialogo tra storia e presente|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
Cozzo, A. (2019). DANNO, RISARCIMENTO E RICONOSCIMENTO DELL’“ALTRO” NELLA GESTIONE DEI CONFLITTI IN OMERO. In Leggi, diritto, giustizia ed etica: un dialogo tra storia e presente (PERIMETRI MULTIDISCIPLINARI).