Cytotoxic activity of Ciona intestinalis (Tunicata) hemocytes: Properties of the in vitro reaction against erythrocyte targets

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Abstract

Hemocytes (effectors) of Ciona intestinalis showed a natural cytotoxic capacity (HCA) when assayed in vitro against erythrocytes (targets). Cytotoxic cells lysed, to a variable extent, rabbit (RE), human (A, B, O), guinea pig, and sheep (SE) erythrocytes. Hemocyte cytotoxic activity (HCA) assayed against SE is a calcium-dependent reaction, occurs rapidly (15-30 min), at 25-37°C over a wide range of pH (5.4-8.0). Assays were carried out using: 1) the medium in which hemocytes were maintained, 2) the soluble portion of hemocyte lysates, and 3) debris prepared from hemocyte lysates. Results suggest that HCA is a cell-mediated process that requires effector-target cell contacts. Anti-SE (calcium-dependent) and anti-RE (calcium-independent) agglutinins were also found in the reaction medium, probably released by hemocytes as a consequence of the in vitro experiments. The occurrence of HCA was independent of any allogeneic reaction between mixed hemocytes. Various levels of cytotoxic activity reveal hemocyte specificity. © 1993.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume17
Publication statusPublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Developmental Biology

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