Cuspidi e cupole in mattoni maiolicati nell'architettura religiosa dell'area dei Sicani

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[automatically translated] Majolica cusps BRICK IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE AREA OF RELIGIOUS SICANI G. Fatta, C. Vinci summary architectural objects showy, the spiers in majolica wedges placed at the top of bell towers of the Sicilian towns are eye-catching thanks to the shape and color to the lively character , up to assume a formally conditioning role not only for the factory to which they are attached, but for the entire surrounding urban area. The analysis of more than a hundred of these artifacts still present, despite the inherent fragility it has over time led to the collapse of a large number, RELATED TO THE investigation similar cases found in other domestic and foreign territories, it has allowed us to define the preliminary geometric-formal aspects, the conical or pyramidal cusps, in conformations domed or bulboidi, referable to different decorative and building systems and brick cuneiform majolica used to shape and many different sizes. Of these it has deepened the constructive characterization and decorative which allowed to recognize and value the "poor ways" of building small towns, very variable but always original in their simplicity, and so different from the rich religious architectural sites in major cities . From the structural point of view it is the cusps are identified in which the supporting function is entrusted entirely and exclusively to the wedge-shaped bricks conveniently arranged, alternatively to those in which they have a mere coating or function only partially assume a primary static role. It is also thorough the complex issue that relates to the arrangement of the wedges that were to serve to the double static and decorative function further distinction is relative to the fact that they are present or not within the same cusp other elements (wooden or iron) in can provide a contribution of resistance to external stress. The need for a deep and articulated knowledge is also demonstrated by the many cases, ancient and more recent, the operators are forced to improvise consolidation, restoration, restoration of these spiers and domes of which have not been able to interpret and evaluate both the constructive and typological aspects, which related forms of damage and decay.
Original languageItalian
Pagesvol. II p.103-vol. II p.128
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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