Cu(II) complex with poly(dG-dC): structure determination with the help of pulse EPR spectroscopy

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Abstract

Pulse EPR spectroscopy is used to investigate possible structural features of the copper(II) ion coordinated to poly(dG-dC).poly(dG-dC) in a frozen aqueous solution, and the structural changes of the polynucleotide induced by the presence of the metal ion. Two different copper species were identified and their geometry explained by a molecular model. According to this model, one species is exclusively coordinated to a single guanine with the N7 nitrogen atom forming a coordinative bond with the copper. In the other species, a guanine and a cytosine form a ternary complex together with the copper ion. A copper crosslink between the N7 of guanine and N3 of cytosine is proposed as the most probable coordination site. Moreover, no evidence was found for an interaction of either copper species with a phosphate group or equatorial water molecules. In addition, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy showed that the DNA of the CuII-poly(dG-dC)•poly(dG-dC) adducts resembles the left-handed Z-form. These results suggest that metal-mediated Hoogsteen base pairing, as previously proposed for a right-handed DNA duplex, can also occur in a double-stranded left-handed DNA (Santangelo et al. [1]).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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