Purpose: To present the 24-month radiological follow-up data for patients with pararenalaortic pathologies treated with chimney and periscope grafts during endovascular repair.Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2011, 124 high-risk patients with complexpararenal aortic pathologies were treated using the chimney technique at 2 Europeanvascular and cardiovascular centers with advanced experience of the described technique.In particular, 50 patients were treated at Site 1 and 74 at Site 2. Forty (32.2%) patients (32men; mean age 79.264.9 years) completed computed tomographic angiography follow-upat 24 months postoperatively.Results: The overall technical success was 100%, and the early- and midterm procedurerelatedmortality was 0%. Three (2.4%) patients had a perioperative type Ia endoleak thatpersisted; two were treated by transbrachial perigraft embolization and cuff implantation. Thelast patient is under radiological surveillance due to a ‘‘low-flow’’ type Ia endoleak and stablesac size. A type II endoleak was detected in 7 (5.6%) patients. During the 2-year follow-up,significant shrinkage (.5 mm; n¼22) or stable aneurysm diameter (n¼14) was seen in 36 (90%)of the cases. Overall, mean aneurysm sac shrinkage was 12% (p¼0.002) and 10% (p¼0.014) forthe 2 centers, respectively (overall p¼0.008). The causes for sac progression in the 4 (10%)patients were a type Ia endoleak, 2 type II endoleaks, and endotension.Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that the use of chimney and/or periscopeendografts for pararenal aortic pathologies achieves and maintains successful exclusion ofthe aneurysm in 90% of the cases at 24 months of radiological follow-up. In centersexperienced with this approach, the chimney technique may represent a reliabletherapeutic modality in selected patients.
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine