Cross-Flow turbine design for variable operating conditions

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42 Citations (Scopus)


The potential energy hidden in water resources is becoming more and more a significant economic value. The value of the hydroelectric energy is often magnified by the proximity of the turbine to pumps or other energy sinks owned by the same water manager. Cross-flow or Banki-Michel turbines are a very efficient and economic choice that allows a very good cost/benefit ratio for energy production located at the end of conduits carrying water from a water source to a tank. In the paper the optimum design of a cross-flow turbine is sought after, assuming a flow rate variable in time. Regulation of the discharge entering in the turbine is a key issue, which is faced adopting a shaped semicircular segment, moved inside the main case around the rotating impeller. The maximum efficiency of the turbine is attained by setting the velocity of the particles entering the impeller at about twice the velocity of the rotating system at the impeller inlet. If energy losses along the pipe are negligible, closing and opening the inlet surface with the semicircular segment allows always a constant hydraulic head and a constant velocity at the impeller inlet, even with different flow rate entering values. Observed reduction of the turbine efficiency along with the inlet surface reduction is first investigated; a design methodology, using also CFD simulations, is then proposed; finally, the same methodology is applied to a real site in Sicily, selected in the context of the HYDROENERGY P.O. - F.E.S.R. European project.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1548
Number of pages10
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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