Correlation between fatigue and brain atrophy and lesion load in multiple sclerosis patients independent of disability.

Giovanni Savettieri, Giuseppe Salemi, Daria Dinacci, Giovanna Servillo, Paola Valentino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Anna Prinster, Vincenzo Bresciamorra, Paola Valentino, Simona Bonavita, Andrea Paolillo, Isabella Simone, Bruno Alfano, Mario Quarantelli, Arturo Reggio, Giuseppe Orefice, Vincenzo Bonavita, Paolo Livrea, Francesco Patti, Corrado MessinaAldo Quattrone, Marco Salvatore, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Arturo Brunetti, Luigi Lavorgna, Marcantonio Paciello, Gabriella Coniglio, Alessandra Bellacosa, Federico Patti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fatigue is a major problem in multiple sclerosis (MS), and its association with MRI features is debated. Objective: To study the correlation between fatigue and lesion load, white matter (WM), and grey matter (GM), in MS patients independent of disability. Methods: We studied 222 relapsing remitting MS patients with low disability (scores ≤ 2 at the Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale). Lesion load, WM and GM were measured by fully automated, operator-independent, multi-parametric segmentation method. T1 and T2 lesion volume were also measured by a semi-automated method. Fatigue was assessed by the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), and patients divided in high-fatigue (FSS ≥ 5; n = 197) and low-fatigue groups (FSS ≤ 4; n = 25). Results: High-fatigue patients showed significantly higher abnormal white matter fraction (AWM-f), T1 and T2 lesion loads, and significant lower WM-f, and GM-f. Multivariate analysis showed that high FSS was significantly associated with lower WM-f, and GM-f. Females and highly educated patients were significantly less fatigued. Conclusion: These results suggest that among MS patients with low disability those with high-fatigue show higher WM and GM atrophy and higher lesion load, and that female sex and higher levels of education may play a protective role towards fatigue. Furthermore, they suggest that in MS, independent of disability, WM and GM atrophy is a risk factor to have fatigue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-19
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume263
Publication statusPublished - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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