Corneal thickness in children with growth hormone deficiency: The effect of GH treatment.

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AbstractOBJECTIVE:The eye represents a target site for GH action, although few data are available in patients with GH deficiency (GHD). Our aim was to evaluate central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) values in GHD children to assess the role played by GHD or GH treatment on these parameters.DESIGN:In 74 prepubertal GHD children (51M, 23F, aged 10.4±2.4years) we measured CCT and IOP before and after 12months of treatment. A baseline evaluation was also made in 50 healthy children matched for age, gender and body mass index. The study outcome considered CCT and IOP during treatment and their correlations with biochemical and auxological data.RESULTS:No difference in CCT and IOP between GHD children at baseline and controls was found (all p>0.005). GHD children after 12months of therapy showed greater CCT (564.7±13.1μm) than both baseline values (535.7±17μm; p<0.001) and control subjects (536.2±12.5μm; p<0.001), with a concomitantly higher corrected mean IOP (15.6±0.7mmHg; p<0.001) than both baseline (12.5±0.8mmHg; p<0.001) and controls (12.3±0.5mmHg; p<0.001), without correlation with auxological and biochemical parameters.CONCLUSIONS:12months of GH treatment in children with GHD, regardless of auxological and biochemical data, affect CCT and IOP. Our findings suggest careful ocular evaluation in these patients to prevent undesirable side effects during the follow-up.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-154
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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