Copper nanowire array as highly selective electrochemical sensor of nitrate ions in water

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Abstract

Contamination of water with nitrate ions is a significant problem that affects many areas of the world. For this reason, European legislation has set the maximum permissible concentration of nitrates in drinking water at 44 mg/L. Thus, it is clear that a continuous monitoring of nitrate ions is of high technological interest but it must be rapid, easy to perform and directly performable in situ. In this work we have developed a nanostructured sensor based on array of copper nanowires obtained with the simple method of galvanic deposition. The nanostructured sensors have a very short response time with a detection limit less than 10 μM. Different interfering species were tested finding a negligible effect except for the chloride ions. However, this problem has been solved by removing chloride ions from the water through a simple precipitation of chloride compounds with low solubility. Nanostructured sensors were also used to analyze real water samples (rain, river and drinking water). In the case of drinking water, we have measured a concentration of nitrate ions very close to the that measured by conventional laboratory techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121643-
Number of pages7
JournalTalanta
Volume221
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry

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