CONTROLLO GLICOMETABOLICO E ABITUDINI ALIMENTARI INADOLESCENTI CON DIABETE MELLITO TIPO 1

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Abstract

[automatically translated] Background: The studies that have evaluated the eating habits of children and adolescents with diabetes, reported a percentage of lower carbohydrate intake than the recommended minimum often associated with a higher fat intake and reduced intake of fiber. Some studies evaluating the relationship between diet composition and glycometabolic control in subjects with type 1 diabetes, have shown that a diet high in fat and low in fiber is associated with a worse glycometabolic control. Objective: To evaluate in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus, with different degree of metabolic control, the weekly frequency of consumption of various food groups and the possible correlation of this with values for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Method: In 43 patients (M / F: 22/21; age 11-14 years) divided into two groups according to the median HbA1c (8.45%), were collected data on food consumption in the last three months with a consumption frequency questionnaire and was considered the frequency weekly food choices for food group. Results Subjects with better control glycometabolic (HbA1c <8.45%) had a higher weekly frequency of consumption of the following food groups: fruits (p <0.0001), vegetables (p = 0.017) and legumes (p = 0, 03). Individuals with worst glycometabolic control (HbA1c> 8.45%) consumed more frequently foods belonging to the meats group (p = 0.007), cheese (p = 0.02) and sweet / sugary drinks (p = 0.0065) . Glycometabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes is influenced by the weekly frequency of consumption of foods rich in fiber and animal fats. The principles of sound Glycometabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes is influenced by the weekly frequency of consumption of foods rich in fiber and animal fats. The principles of sound
Original languageItalian
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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