Conosci realmente le MST? Risultati di una survey sulle malattie sessualmente trasmesse condotta tra gli studenti della Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia dell’Università degli Studi di Palermo.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOtherpeer-review

Abstract

[automatically translated] Introduction According to the World Health Organization, the annual incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is about 448 million new cases worldwide in people aged between 15 and 49 years. In this regard, the Advanced School of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine of the University of Palermo has conducted a survey to assess students' knowledge of the six years of the degree course in Medicine and Surgery of the University of Palermo as , because of their special training, they will be personally involved in the counseling of populations at risk of contracting STDs. Materials and Methods The study was based on the administration of an anonymous questionnaire conducted during school hours. The administration was preceded by a short description of the study and its aims. The questionnaire consists of five main sections: demographics, sexual behavior, contraceptive methods, knowledge about STDs, information and sexual education. The data have been loaded on a statistical analysis 5.0.Le Excel files were conducted with Epi Info v3.5.1 software. They were considered significant values of p-value <0.05. Results were compiled 624 questionnaires of which 421 students from the first three years and 203 students of the last three years of the course (mean adherence 39.8%). The average age of first sexual intercourse for the first three years students is 16.9 years, that of the second term students is 17.9 years. HPV is not considered a sexually transmitted disease by 46, 6% of students in the first three years of the course (12.3% in the second three-year period) .This discrepancy emerges for hepatitis B and C (64.1% vs 30.5%) and for Chlamydia (52.7% vs 24.6%). In addition, 49.6% of students in the first three years knows no screening cervicouterino carcinoma and 33.5% the existence of the anti-HPV vaccine. Even in this case, these gaps are reduced to 10% in older students. In particular, the main sources of information about the MST are the middle school (33.2%), high school (27.5%) and family members (8%) among the under 21 and high school (29%), the middle school (25%) and universities (19%) among those over 22 (p <0.001). Discussion and Conclusions The study shows how respondents have deficient knowledge about STDs, especially on Chlamydia and HPV, although these are implemented during the course of the studies. But it would be appropriate to establish new ways of learning from the early years of the degree course in Medicine on medical issues and current affairs in which future doctors may be against peers of "opinion leaders" and guide the choices of the same (MST, alcohol, smoking ...).
Original languageItalian
Pages105-106
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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